EGLON

EGLON (Heb. עֶגְלוֹן; lit. "calf"), king of Moab in the period of the Judges, apparently in the first half of the 12th century B.C.E. The Bible relates that Eglon assembled the ammonites and the amalekites and with them attacked Israel, subduing the land for 18 years (Judg. 3:12–14). It is likely that Eglon had previously conquered the plain north of the Arnon, a region disputed by Israel and Moab. Eglon and his allies crossed the Jordan, captured the city of Jericho, and from there penetrated to the center of the country and subdued the tribes of Benjamin and Ephraim. It is natural, therefore, that a Benjaminite, the "judge" ehud , son of Gera, assassinated Eglon by a ruse and freed Israel from Moabite rule. The events related in Judges 3 appear historically plausible although some scholars have argued that the mention of Eglon's gross obesity (VS. 17, 22) and the chapter's apparent scatological references (vss. 21–25) are indications that the story is fictional political satire. (Bustanay Oded) -In the Aggadah Eglon is identified as the grandson of Balak (Yal. 665). Because of the respect he showed to God through rising from his throne when Ehud told him that he had a message from the Lord, he was rewarded: Ruth was his granddaughter (Naz. 24b) and her descendant David "sat on the throne of the Lord" (Ruth R. 2:9). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E.G. Kraeling, in: JBL, 54 (1935), 205–10; K. Galling, in: ZDPV, 75 (1959), 1–13; A.H. van Zyl, The Moabites (1960); Y. Kaufmann, Sefer Shofetim (1962), 104–11; W. Richter, Traditionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zum Richterbuch (1963), 1ff.; A. Malamat, in: B. Mazar (ed.), Ha-Historyah shel Am Yisrael, ha-Avot ve-ha-Shofetim (1967), 229–30. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Halpern, The Bible's First Historians (1980), 39–75; idem, in: ABD, 2, 414; M. Brettler, in: HUCA, 62 (1991), 285–304; Y. Amit, Judges (1999), 71–79.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • EGLON — (Heb. עֶגְלוֹן), Canaanite royal city. According to the Bible, Debir, king of Eglon, joined the confederation of Amorite kings, led by adoni zedek of Jerusalem, against gibeon . They were defeated by Joshua at Aijalon and slain near the cave of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eglon — may refer to:*Eglon, Canaana Biblical city *Eglon (king), a Biblical king*Eglon, West Virginia, a community in the U.S. state of West Virginia …   Wikipedia

  • Eglon [1] — Eglon (a. Geogr.), Stadt der Kananiten; ihr Häuptling wurde von Gideon geschlagen u. die Stadt gehörte nachher zum Stamme Juda …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eglon [2] — Eglon, moabitischer König, unterjochte mit den Ammonitern u. Amalekitern die Israeliten 18 Jahre u. nahm ihnen Jericho; von Chud ermordet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • EGLON — nomen urbis in tribu Iudae, cuius Regem Dabit cum evocasset in auxilium contra Iosuam et Israelitas Adoni Bezeck, Rex Ierusalem, et profligati essent magno praelio. stante ad vocem Iosuae Sole, ipsi veor Reges se abscondissent in spelunca urbis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Eglon — Die Richter Israels Buch der Richter Otniël, Sohn des Kenas Ehud, Sohn des Geras Schamgar, Sohn des Anat Deborah Barak, Sohn des Abinoam Gideon Abimelech Tola Jaïr Jeftah Ibzan von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eglon —    The bullock; place of heifers.    1) Chieftain or king of one of the Moabite tribes (Judg. 3:12 14). Having entered into an alliance with Ammon and Amalek, he overran the trans Jordanic region, and then crossing the Jordan, seized on Jericho,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Eglon (king) — Eglon was the king of Moab who suppressed Israel in the time of the Judges. He was the head of the confederacy of Moab, Ammon and Amalek in their assault. One day, Ehud came presenting a customary tribute and tricked Eglon and stabbed him with… …   Wikipedia

  • Eglon, West Virginia — Eglon   Unincorporated community   …   Wikipedia

  • Eglon van der Neer — (1635/36, Amsterdam May 3 1703, Düsseldorf) was a Dutch painter of historical scenes, portraits and elegant, fashionable people, and later of landscapes.LifeVan der Neer was probably first taught by his father, Aert van der Neer, and then took… …   Wikipedia

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